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Working Hours and Holidays

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How many weekly holidays am I allowed to have?
If you are working 8 hours/day, you are eligible for one-day holiday in a week. It can be either day in a week and can also be the day when your establishment is closed. But you need to remember that if you are made to work on your holiday; you can’t be made to work consecutively for 10 days without being given a compensatory holiday for full one day. Your weekly holidays are paid and your employer can’t deduct money for these holidays.

What if I am asked to work on a weekly holiday/rest day?

Your employer can ask you to work on a weekly holiday (Sunday) however you must have already been granted a holiday for one whole day in one of the three days immediately before that Sunday or will be granted a holiday immediately three days after that Sunday. An organization requiring its workers to work over the weekend must also deliver a notice to office of labor inspector and also display a notice in the factory. There is no overtime premium for work on weekly holidays.

Moreover, if you are made to work on your holiday; you can’t be made to work consecutively for 10 days without being given a compensatory holiday for full one day.

What are compensatory holidays under Factories Act?

If the provincial government passes an order to exempt a factory or a class of workers from above provisions of weekly rest day and these workers are consequently deprived of any of the weekly holidays, those workers will be allowed, as soon as circumstances permit, compensatory holidays of equal number. It is illegal for an employer to give wages to a worker in lieu of compensatory holidays and make him work during that period.

Factories Act does not require an employer to give compensatory holidays to its workers within a specified period of time and rather it leaves it to discretion of an employer.

According to Punjab Factories Rules, compensatory holidays should be arranged as such that there are not more than 2 compensatory holidays in a given week. These holidays are to be given before a worker is discharged or dismissed.

How many festival holidays are in a year? What is the difference between public, gazetted and festival holidays?

The provincial government announces festival holidays, and these are usually 12-13 in number. These are provided on full pay. However, if a holiday falls on Sunday, there is no substitution for it.

Although law mentions only festival holidays, there is no difference in the public, gazetted and festival holidays as they are all paid holidays.

The table below shows the expected dates for festival holidays in year 2012. It is important to remember that the Muslim festivals are subject to the appearance of moon, so these dates may slightly change. If you belong to any of the non-Muslim communities, you will be granted holiday with pay on your festivals. The provincial governments also issue notifications in this regard.

Public/Festival Holidays in 2013

Name of Occasion

Dates during 2013

Days

Eid Milad un Nabi (birth day of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH)

January 24

Saturday

Kashmir Day

February 05

Sunday

Pakistan Day

March 23

Friday

Labor Day

May 01

Tuesday

Independence Day

August 14

Tuesday

Eid ul Fitr

August 9 -11

Friday, Saturday & Sunday

Eid ul Azha

October 15-16

Tuesday & Wednesday

Iqbal Day

November 09

Saturday

Ashura/Muharram

November 13-14

Wednesday & Thursday

Quaid-e-Azam Day/ Christmas

December 25

Wednesday

 

 

Christian Community Workers

Name of Occasion

Dates during 2013

Days

Good Friday

March 29

Friday

Easter (Day after)

April 01

Monday

Day after Christmas

December 26

Monday

 

Hindu Community Workers

Name of Occasion

Dates during 2013

Days

Holi

March 26

Tuesday

Janam Ashtami

August 28

Wednesday

Durga Puja

October 05

Saturday

Dussehra

October 14

Monday

Diwali

November 03

Sunday

 

Sikh Community Workers

Name of Occasion

Dates during 2013

Days

Guru Nanak's Birthday

November 17

Sunday

 

Parsi Community Workers

Name of Occasion

Dates during 2013

Days

Parsi New Year Day (Nauroze)

August 18

Sunday

Birthday of Khordad Sal (Lord Zoaraster)

August 23

Friday

 

What if I have to work on a public holiday?

Your employer can ask you to work on a public holiday. However, work on a festival/public holiday is compensated at three times (300%) of ordinary rate of pay if substitute and compensatory holiday are not allowed. ILO also supports compensation for working on public holidays. In accordance with the ILO convention on working conditions in hotels and restaurants, if workers are required to work on public holidays, they have to be properly compensated.

Factories Act requires employers to give their workers holidays with pay on all days declared by the government as festival holidays. A worker may be required to work on a public holiday but one day's additional compensatory holiday with full pay and a substitute holiday be allowed to him. This equals to 300% of ordinary rate of wages.

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