Forced Labour

Prohibition on Forced and Compulsory Labour

Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of forced labour. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1991 provides for the abolition of bonded labour system in the country. The practice of bonded labour has become a punishable offence after enactment of this act (with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than two years nor more than five years, or with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees, or with both). Vigilance Committees are formed at the district level to keep an eye on the working of law and help in rehabilitation of freed bonded labour.

Freedom to Change Jobs and Right to Quit

Workers have the right to change jobs after serving due notice on their employer.(S.O. 12 of Standing Orders Ordinance, 1968). Fore more information on this, please refer to the section on employment security. 

Regulations on Forced Labour

  • The Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 (amended in 2012)
  • The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1992
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